Attitudes toward dating violence scales how to be safe on online dating sites
Statistics indicate that under-reporting is an inherent problem with IPV irrespective of gender.
For example, in England and Wales, the 1995 "Home Office Research Study 191", carried out as a supplementary study to the British Crime Survey, reported 6.6 million incidents of IPV in the previous twelve months, compared with the 987,000 incidents found by the Crime Survey.
When a woman called, the man was arrested in 15.2% of cases; when a man called, the woman was arrested in 0% of cases.
For some men, this is an admission they are unwilling, or unable, to make.
As with domestic violence against women, violence against men may constitute a crime, but laws vary between jurisdictions.
Whereas women who experience domestic violence are openly encouraged to report it to the authorities, it has been argued that men who experience such violence often encounter pressure against reporting, with those that do facing social stigma regarding their perceived lack of machismo and other denigrations of their masculinity.
IPV against men is a controversial area of research, with terms such as gender symmetry, battered husband syndrome and bidirectional IPV provoking a great deal of debate.
The lines of the debate tend to fall between two basic polemics.In England and Wales, the 1995 "Home Office Research Study 191" surveyed 10,844 people (5,886 women and 4,958 men) between the ages of 16 and 59, finding that for the twelve-month period preceding the survey, 4.2% of men had experienced IPV.